an idea for a new product or invention? Learn what you need to do and why.
1) Protecting Your New Design
So, you've come up with a wonderful idea for a new invention. Congratulations. Now, if you want to ensure that your invention gets made - and that you get credit for it - you will need to do a bit of work. First, take a few minutes to write your idea down on paper. You'll want to put this in a secure location such as your filing cabinet or save it as a password protected file. Now you're ready for the next step. No matter how much you'd like to share your great, groundbreaking idea with others, don't. This could jeopardize your ability to procure a patent.
2) Research It!
Now, you'll need to do a little research - just to make sure that you didn't invent something someone else has invented. You'll want to know whether your invention has already been, well, invented. If it has, or if something similar to what you've thought up has been registered, you'll need to figure out how your product will be different. You'll also want to look at products and inventions similar to your own. Your own product or invention will have to be different enough from the others to warrant a new patent application.
3) Choose a Patent
There are three main types of ideas for new inventions, and each of these types requires a different type of patent application. The types are:
Design Patent - These patents have to do with the designs appearing on products and product design. For example, should you have a new idea for a type of ornamental moldings that involves a particular type of carving; the carving pattern would be what would receive the patent. Once the patent is applied for, anyone attempting to reproduce that pattern would owe you royalties and/or damages.
Utility Patent - A utility patent involves developing a new process, machine, or other item that is associated with the manufacturing process or the providing of a service. If you developed a faster way to make a coffee beverage, or a new machine for making that beverage, you would apply for a utility patent.
Plant Patent - Plant patents (try saying that five times fast!) protect a special genetically engineered breed of plant life. If you created a plant that had the ability to sing, you would want to apply for a plant patent.
Unless you are a farmer (or a mad scientist), it is unlikely you will be developing a plant patent in Nigeria. Most likely, you'll be either applying for a design patent or a utility patent.
4) Determine Whether You Will Use a Lawyer
Not every patent will require a lawyer, but it can't hurt to look into it. If you have form phobia, hiring a lawyer to help you push your patent through can really help you. Not only can the lawyer make sure you're filing the forms correctly, but she or he can also help you to know what you need to do in terms of your tax return. It might be good to have a lawyer on retainer anyway, just in case someone encroaches upon your intellectual property.
5) Document the Details
You will need to outline the details of your invention. You'll want to diagram the invention, make it understood what the invention is used for, and describe the creation process. It is important to be detailed. It is also important to understand that if you hire anyone to help you with your patent, you will need to be in contact with that lawyer you decided to hire. The lawyer will need to draw up a non-disclosure agreement. If the person you hire adds any of his or her ideas to the patented product or invention, it will be important that you list him or her on the patent application. It might take a while to iron out the details of your new invention. If you're concerned, you might consider applying for a provisional patent with what you have and then applying for a non-provisional patent once you've thoroughly developed the idea.
6) Submit Your Application
Once you've worked out the details of your new idea, you'll want to submit an application for patent as soon as is possible. Don't wait around too long. The longer you wait, the greater your chance of having someone rush in and either patent a similar idea or having someone steal your idea and patent it as his or her own. If you're submitting the patent on your own, follow all of the directions. If you're working with your lawyer, comply with all of her or his requests in a timely manner.
As you go through the patent process, you'll want to keep your mind open to new ideas. What other processes could be tweaked? What other products could you create? Take time each week to sit down and come up with new ideas. When you find another one that sticks, go ahead and follow the same process - research, define and design, apply, and follow up. Believe it or not, your ideas can make money for you. It just requires that you do some legwork to register them with the appropriate agencies!
Nigerian Patent Law:
Intellectual Property Institute Nigeria:
-To build a platform for the creation, understanding and exploitation of intellectual property in Nigeria thereby transforming intellectual capital into technological and economic development
-To increase awareness and understanding of the use of intellectual property - patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, industrial designs, trade designs, knowledge management systems, - as tools for sustainable economic growth.
-To increase the understanding, creation, use and exploitation of intellectual capital by Nigerian Organizations and individuals
Patents and Designs Act
An Act to make comprehensive provisions for the registration and proprietorship of Patents and Designs in Nigeria and other matter ancillary thereto